Calibration - Speed vs. Accuracy

How fast can LightSpace CMS calibration be performed with accurate results?

LightSpace CMS includes two main profiling functions - full 3D Cube based profiling, and the far faster Quick Profiling method. Both methods can produce excellent results, but with a great differences in profiling speed.

So why the different methods?


Display Calibration Requirements

LightSpace NEC Display Calibration

To accurately calibrate any display you first must profile (measure) the underlying properties of the display. It is this profiling that will define the final calibration accuracy, and the simple rule of thumb is that the more colour points profiles the greater the final calibration accuracy will be.

This is a simple fact that cannot be argued with - except by introducing the concept of 'acceptable' accuracy.


Calibration Accuracy

Calibration accuracy is basically the concept of what level of calibration is 'good enough' for any given display?

For displays that are intrinsically 'linear' in their response to signal input change (which means that for any given change in input signal the change in colour on the display is an equal level of change) it is possible to perform 'acceptably accurate' calibration with a small set of profile measurements.

On such 'linear responsive' displays the difference between large cube based profile calibration, and smaller Quick Profile based results, can be very small indeed.


3D Cube vs. Quick Profiling

The following shows the profiling points for a large 17^3 3D Cube profile set vs. a Quick Profile, both performed with an i1 Display Pro set to 0.75 Sec integration time, on a standard LCD display. The specific LCD display was chosen as it is an average example, with a less than perfectly linear response to input signal changes.

The i1 Display Pro probe was chosen as it is the cheapest probe of acceptable quality for accurate calibration, so is the most common probe presently in use.

17^3 Cube Profile
3D Cube Profiling
4913 Patch total, profiled in 1 Hour 20 Mins 4 Secs

Quick Profile
Quick Profiling
81 patch total, profiled in 2 Mins 15 Secs


Calibration Results

3D Cube Profiling
17^3 3D Cube based calibration gamut results

Quick Profiling
Quick Profile based calibration gamut results


3D Cube Profiling
17^3 3D Cube based calibration gamma results

Quick Profiling
Quick Profile based calibration gamma results


3D Cube Profiling
17^3 3D Cube based calibration Delta-E results

Quick Profiling
Quick Profile based calibration Delta-E results


Conclusions

As can be seen, the calibration results are near identical. Certainly within more than 'acceptable' tolerances, and with a calibration duration difference of 2 Min 15 Secs vs. 1 Hour 20 Mins 4 Secs.

In reality the small variations between the results from the two profiling methods can easily be put down to display and probe drift during the profiling and calibration procedure.


When to use Quick Profiling

Quick Profiling works on displays with good RGB Separation - which is how good linear response is defined (a lack of Cross-Coupling errors within the display) - combined with good RGB Balance, and a gamut that is wider than the target gamut. The following RGB Separation graphs show 'good' vs. 'bad.

Reasonable RGB Separation
Quick Profiling

Poor RGB Separation
Quick Profiling

If a display shows poor RGB Separation, has poor RGB Balance, and/or has a gamut that is smaller than the target gamut, a full 3D Cube based profile will be required as the display is either suffering Cross-Coupling errors, which will require full volumetric profiling to enable the errors to be 'undone', or if the gamut is low will require cross-coupling to be introduced to allow for accurate calibration of the available gamut range.

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